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DocBook export and import round trip with Confluence wiki

This is exciting news for technical communicators. We can export content from Confluence wiki to DocBook and then import it back into Confluence. I’ve just tried it using the Scroll Wiki DocBook Exporter and the RedHat DocBook Import for Confluence.

As you may already know, I’ve written a book. 😉 The book is about Confluence, and the content is on a Confluence site. So I decided to try exporting the book to DocBook XML and then importing it back into a different Confluence space.

In summary:

  • I’m running Confluence wiki, version 3.5.3.  (The DocBook Import plugin does not yet support Confluence 4.)
  • I used version 2.0.2 of the Scroll Wiki DocBook Exporter, a Confluence plugin from K15t Software, to export the content of my book to DocBook XML.
  • Without making any changes to the XML, I used version 1.1.1 of RedHat’s DocBook Import for Confluence to import the content back into Confluence, in a new space that I had created for this purpose.
  • There were a few hiccups, but basically it worked well.

A friendly word of warning: The DocBook Import plugin is unsupported. It was originally created for the JBoss Community Project Documentation Editor, and the developers decided to make it publicly available, free of charge. You can read about the plugin and ask questions on the JBoss Community site.

Exporting the content to DocBook XML

I used the Scroll Wiki DocBook Exporter, a Confluence plugin from K15t Software, to export the content of my book to DocBook XML. My earlier post gives quite a bit of detail on how to use the plugin: Writing a book with DocBook and a Confluence wiki. This screenshot shows the settings I used to export the pages from Confluence:

Exporting from Confluence to DocBook XML

A note: I had to use the template called “Book using preface and chapters“. When I chose the template “Book using preface, parts and appendix“, the import pulled in only the home page and the appendices. The explanation lies somewhere in the DocBook formatting, but I don’t know the details.

Importing the XML back into Confluence

I installed RedHat’s DocBook Import for Confluence plugin onto my Confluence site. Then I added a new space in Confluence, and went to the home page of that new space. The plugin adds an option to the “Tools” menu called “JBoss DocBook Importer“:

DocBook import option in Confluence Tools menu

Clicking that option invokes the importer configuration page:

DocBook Import configuration page

As we who know and love Confluence are aware, you cannot have two pages with the same name in a Confluence space. The DocBook Importer accepts a prefix that it will use to resolve such conflicts. But on my first attempt, I did not give it any prefix. I knew that all the page titles in my book were unique, so I thought the import would be good. It turned out that there was a duplicate page title, because I had used a heading level 1 to highlight the book title, and had given the page the same name as the title.

The importer gave me an error message, and I supplied a rather unimaginative prefix “123”.

Message requesting prefix to resolve duplicate page names

This time everything went smoothly. In the following screenshot, you can see the success reported by the importer on the right, and the newly-created table of contents in the left-hand panel:

Import successful



  • All the pages are there, with all content present.
  • The images are all present.
  • Tables are correctly formatted. My content includes only simple tables.
  • List formatting looks good.
  • Bold and italic formatting are good.
  • Links are good.

One of the book's illustrations by Ryan Maddox

The above screenshot shows one of the illustrations in the book, created by Ryan Maddox and reproduced here with his permission.

A few hiccups

Some things will need fixing, either manually after each import or perhaps in a future version of the importer plugin:

  • The images are larger than on the original pages.
  • URLs printed on the page have acquired URL encoding rather than retaining the human-readable form.
  • The Scroll Wiki DocBook Exporter plugin allows you to add information for a book index and footnotes, via special macros. The reimported pages print the content of the index or footnote entry on the page itself. For example, in the screenshot below I have highlighted an index entry at the top of the page.

Another page imported from DocBook

Thanks to the teams at K15t Software, Red Hat and the JBoss Community for these two plugins!

Using the plugins in earnest

Richard Hamilton, at XML Press, and I have used the Scroll Wiki DocBook Exporter to produce my new book. I haven’t used the DocBook Import, other than to try it out for this blog post. I’d love to know if you’re using either of these two plugins in your documentation or content management procedures. Do you have any stories or tips to share?

Writing a book with DocBook and a Confluence wiki

We’re in the final stages before sending my book off to the printers. Exciting! While we wait, let me tell you a bit about how the publishing team and I have produced the book. We’re using a Confluence wiki and DocBook XML.

Cover of "Confluence, Tech Comm, Chocolate"Here’s our process in brief:

  • Plan, write and review the book on a Confluence site.
  • Use the Scroll Wiki DocBook Exporter to convert the content to DocBook XML.
  • Use DocBook XSL-FO style sheets to create a PDF file for sending to the printers.
  • Use XSL to generate ebook formats too.

This post is about writing and reviewing the book on the wiki, and converting the Confluence content to DocBook XML – the first two points in the list above. Richard Hamilton, at XML Press, is the expert on the further DocBook processing.

A bit about the book

The book is called Confluence, Tech Comm, Chocolate: A wiki as platform extraordinaire for technical communication. Details are at XML Press. It is all about developing technical documentation on a wiki, with a focus on Confluence wiki. And just to be ultra meta, I’ve written the book on a Confluence site. Dogfooding FTW!

Writing, planning and technical review on the wiki

Richard Hamilton and I have spent the last nine months on a Confluence wiki site. We kicked off our planning there in May 2011. Since then, I’ve spent around 400 hours writing the content on the wiki. Ryan Maddox, our illustrator, has uploaded his images onto the wiki. For two weeks in early December, the technical reviewers joined us there too – six knowledgeable and enthusiastic people:

The wiki was abuzz with review comments, opinions and counter-opinions, laughter and chat.

Now it’s gone a bit quiet while Richard and I work on the last stages of book production. When we launch the book, we’ll open up the wiki site too. You’ll be able to join us there and make it buzz again. 🙂

DocBook for the publication processes

DocBook is an XML standard for documents, developed by O’Reilly as a means of making their publishing process more efficient. It is now an open standard maintained by OASIS.  Richard Hamilton, at XML Press, uses DocBook XML to publish a range of books on the subject of technical communication. Using a customised set of the open source XSL style sheets for DocBook,  Richard can create HTML, PDF (through XSL-FO), EPUB and other epublishing formats from the DocBook source.

Converting content from Confluence wiki to DocBook XML

So, I’ve finished writing the book and the reviewers have worked their magic too. It’s all on a Confluence wiki. The content is stored in the Confluence database in wiki format. How do we get it to DocBook so that Richard can create the print and ebook formats?

Enter the Scroll Wiki DocBook Exporter.

Scroll Wiki DocBook Exporter is a plugin for Confluence, developed by K15t Software. (A plugin is a small piece of software that extends the functionality of the wiki. It is similar to an add-on for a web browser.) Once you have installed the Scroll Wiki DocBook Exporter on your Confluence site, you can export a page, a set of pages or an entire space, to DocBook XML.

How to use the Scroll Wiki DocBook Exporter

The first thing is to add the plugin to your Confluence site. You need to be a Confluence system administrator, then you can install the plugin in the usual way:

  1. Log in as a Confluence system administrator.
  2. Choose “Browse” > “Confluence Admin” > “Plugins” > “Install”.
  3. Type “scroll wiki docbook exporter” into the search box and click “Search”.
  4. Click the name of the plugin in the list of search results, to open the panel showing the plugin details.
  5. Click “Install Now”.

See the Confluence documentation on installing plugins.

You will need a license key from K15t Software. They provide a free evaluation license that gives you full functionality for 30 days.

Once the plugin is installed, a new option appears in the Confluence “Tools” menu, allowing you to export the content to DocBook format.

  1. Go to the page that you want to export. If you want to export a set of pages, go to the parent page of the set.
  2. Click “Tools” > “Export to DocBook”.
  3. Adjust the options in the dialog that pops up:
DocBook Exporter dialog

Scroll Wiki DocBook Exporter

When you are ready, click “Start Export”. The plugin will create a zipped file containing the DocBook XML and attachments, and will offer the file to you for downloading.

A sample of the output

Here is one of the book’s pages on the wiki:

Book's front page on the wiki

Front page of the book on the wiki

And here is an extract of the DocBook XML:

<?xml version=”1.0″ encoding=”UTF-8″?>
<book xmlns=”; xmlns:xlink=”; xmlns:xsi=”; xsi:schemaLocation=”; version=”5.0″ xml:id=”scroll-bookmark-1″>
<title>Confluence, Tech Comm, Chocolate</title>
<part xml:id=”scroll-bookmark-2″>
<title>Confluence, Tech Comm, Chocolate</title>
<chapter xml:id=”scroll-bookmark-3″>
<title>A wiki as platform extraordinaire for technical communication</title>
<para>By Sarah Maddox</para>


<index />

Index, footnotes and figure captions

The Scroll Wiki DocBook Exporter supports these too. The plugin adds a number of macros to Confluence, which you can use to mark up the index entries, footnotes and figure captions. I’ll write another post with the details. I’m sure many people are agog to know how this works. 😉

Working with K15t Software and XML Press

Richard and I have worked on this project with Tobias Anstett and the rest of the team K15t Software.  They are great people to work with: knowledgeable, enthusiastic and energetic. As far as I know, this is the first time anyone has written a book on Confluence for publication via DocBook XML. We have added new functionality to the plugin, especially for the index and footnotes, adapting and tuning as we go.

Thank you all. It’s exciting to help perfect a plugin that many other authors and technical writers will be able to use.

And I can’t wait to get my hands on a copy of the book!

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